(Israel Hayom/Exclusive to JNS.org) The 2012 Index of Arab-Jewish Relations in Israel, conducted by the Israel Democracy Institute, revealed that 58.6 percent of Arab respondents agreed with the statement that “it is justified that the Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip start a third intifada if the political stalemate continues.”
The index shows an undercurrent of alienation and radicalization of Israel’s Arabs toward the Jewish state, with a concurrent but opposite undercurrent of Jewish Israeli softening of attitudes toward the Israeli Arab minority.
“For the 10 years spanning 2003 and 2012, the index is marked by the trend of a toughening of Arab attitudes toward the Jewish character of the state and its Jewish majority, but by stability or even a certain moderation in Jewish attitudes toward Israel’s Arab citizens,” the IDI report stated.
The survey shows that while Jews are open to a degree of change, Arabs perceive themselves as absolute victims and expect the Jewish population to make all the concessions, while refusing to take any steps to win the trust and good will of the state and of the Jews or to motivate Jews to effect change.
Most Arab respondents—62.4 percent—feel that it is impossible to trust most Jews (55.6 percent in 2003), and 82.2 percent accused Jews of the “Nakba” (the “Catastrophe” of Israel’s founding in 1948), a rise from 65.3 percent in 2003.
As for the Jewish respondents, a significant percentage were ready to accept Arab citizens as neighbors (45.7 percent in 2012, compared with 34.5 percent in 2003), as students in Jewish schools (54.8 percent in 2012, up from 51.5 percent in 2003), and Arab political parties in government coalitions (52.8 percent in 2012, up from 47.4 percent in 2003).