(July 11, 2016 / JNS) The Republican Party has reportedly reinstated language endorsing an “undivided” Jerusalem into the party’s platform ahead of its national convention in Cleveland later this month.
According to CNN, which cited a first draft of the party platform that it obtained, the Republicans would reinstate a reference to an “undivided” Jerusalem while removing a reference to “Palestine” in support for a two-state solution.
The Republicans’ move comes in the aftermath of advocacy on the issue by the lobbying affiliate of Pastor John Hagee’s influential Christians United for Israel (CUFI) non-profit. In a letter obtained by JNS.org that was sent to Republican convention delegates on July 6, former Ronald Reagan administration official Gary Bauer, director of the CUFI Action Fund lobby, called for the Republican Party platform to “strengthen its language in support for Israel with Jerusalem as Israel’s ‘undivided, eternal’ capital.”
The CUFI Action Fund is a 501(c)(4) organization, meaning that it has more leeway on political activities than the 501(c)(3)-status CUFI. The Action Fund’s call stems from a small, yet significant change in the Republican Party’s platform language on Jerusalem from 2008 to 2012.
In 2008, the GOP platform included the sentence, “We support Jerusalem as the undivided capital of Israel and moving the American embassy to that undivided capital of Israel.” But in the 2012 platform, that sentence was missing, and the platform instead mentioned “Israel with Jerusalem as its capital”—without the word “undivided.”
“Many analysts in the Middle East saw this as a signal that even the pro-Israel Republican Party was in favor of the division of Jerusalem and supported awarding half of the city as a capital to a new Palestinian state,” stated the letter from the CUFI Action Fund.
Before the Republicans reinstated the language invoking an “undivided” Jerusalem, Bauer told JNS.org that he did not understand the GOP’s decision in 2012 to alter the language on the Israeli capital.
“It didn’t make any sense to do it,” said Bauer. “Certainly the current government in Israel has no intention of dividing Jerusalem, and from what I have seen in public opinion polls, there’s no real sentiment among the Israeli people to do it either.”
As such, Bauer said the CUFI Action Fund considers it important that at least one of the major American political parties “make it clear that no part of Jerusalem is a settlement.”
“It is a city with roots in Judaism that goes back well before any current competitor could lay claim on it,” Bauer said, referring to the Palestinians’ demands to divide Jerusalem and establish their own capital in the eastern half of the city.
While the CUFI Action Fund pushed for changes on the Republican side, the Democratic Party is facing its own questions over its platform’s support for Israel. The Democrats are also holding their convention later this month.
There is growing concern over the Democratic Platform Drafting Committee members who have been appointed by presidential contender Sen. Bernie Sanders (D-Vt.). The committee members include pro-Palestinian activist James Zogby, who is pushing to insert language that is critical of Israel in the platform, such as “occupation.” Such language would break from the party’s longstanding pro-Israel stance. Another committee member appointed by Sanders is Cornel West, an activist in the anti-Israel Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement.
The Action Fund’s Bauer told JNS.org that while the Democratic Party is a “tougher nut to crack for us” as a lobby, there are “many members of the Democratic Party who are very pro-Israel and we may try to work through them to make sure that their platform is pro-Israel, too.”
While there is a growing divide among more moderate and liberal leaders on the Democratic side, presumptive Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump is also facing the challenge of uniting his own deeply divided party at its convention.
Bauer said he understood that this year’s Republican convention has its own “worries and challenges,” but that he felt there was a “solid majority in favor of this change” on the Jerusalem language.