Bringing Light to the Media Darkness

Denial of citizenship as a weapon of repression

Kuwait and Saudi Arabia recently revoked the citizenship of individuals whose “sin” was a connection to Judaism and a pro-Israeli attitude.

U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres (left) meets with Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed bin Salman in Riyadh on Feb. 12, 2018. Credit: U.N./Mohammed Al Deghaishim.
U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres (left) meets with Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed bin Salman in Riyadh on Feb. 12, 2018. Credit: U.N./Mohammed Al Deghaishim.
Dr. Edy Cohen is a researcher at the BESA Center (Bar-Ilan University)
Edy Cohen

Yusuf Mehanna, a citizen of Kuwait who lived in that country as a Muslim for most of his life, now lives in Britain under the name Naftali ben-Yehuda and defines himself as a Zionist Jew. In an interview he gave to Israel’s Kan TV (in fluent Hebrew), he described his desire to convert and become an Israeli Jew. He said that while he had hated Israel and the Jews in his youth because of the education and socialization he received, he had lived as a practicing Jew for five years in full view of his parents and relatives until managing to escape from Kuwait.

The day after the report became public, the Kuwaiti Interior Ministry revoked Mehanna’s citizenship, without any explanation or legal justification. The move violated Kuwait’s constitution, which clearly stipulates (Article 27) that “Kuwaiti citizenship cannot be annulled except in accordance with the law.” In Mehanna’s case, citizenship was annulled within 24 hours of a TV interview, indicating a lack of legal deliberation and proper procedure and suggesting instead a hasty and vengeful decision aimed at making an example of him.

Moreover, Article 29 of the Kuwaiti constitution states that all citizens are equal before the law without discrimination by religion or gender. If so, why did the Interior Ministry rush to annul Mehanna’s citizenship?

While many Arabs claim they have no problem with the Jewish religion but rather with Zionism and Israel, the revocation was clearly prompted by Mehanna’s intention to convert—not to emigrate to Israel, with which he had no prior connection. The Kuwaiti measure thus appears to reflect institutional anti-Semitism.

Another, similar incident occurred in late December, when Saudi Arabia revoked the citizenship of Abdul Hameed Ghobein, as well as that of his wife and children. Ghobein is one of the best-known journalists in the kingdom. For several years he has appeared on Israeli television as one of the only Saudis to publicly support peace with Israel and criticize Iran. He has also criticized the Palestinian Authority on Israeli television, sparking numerous complaints from the Palestinian leadership.

Here, too, the stripping of citizenship, which in the case of Ghobein means the immediate expulsion of his children from the educational system, is clearly illegal. Saudi law says such a measure can be carried out by the royal family only, and not by any government ministry.

Kuwait and Saudi Arabia are not the only Persian Gulf states to revoke citizenship. During a coup in Qatar in 1995, about 100 soldiers from a single tribe supported the deposed emir, and as a result, about 6,000 members of their tribe were stripped of their citizenship. Although a few got it back over the years, many remained at the Saudi-Qatari border without a political identity or any ability to live with dignity. Similarly, there are more than 100,000 stateless people in Kuwait to whom the state refuses to grant citizenship, and who live truly as slaves—without an identity, rights, health care, education, or the ability to get married or be buried with dignity.

Revoking the citizenship of an innocent person is a crime—a collective punishment for the person and his family that contravenes the U.N.’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Yet Arab states frequently use it as an under-the-radar weapon with which to punish opponents of the regime who cannot simply be killed or imprisoned. This phenomenon proves yet again that in most Arab states, law is little more than window dressing.

Dr. Edy Cohen is a researcher at the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies and author of the book “The Holocaust in the Eyes of Mahmoud Abbas” (Hebrew).

This article was first published by the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies.

The opinions and facts presented in this article are those of the author, and neither JNS nor its partners assume any responsibility for them.

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