President-elect Joe Biden has already been talking about a policy reset in many areas of foreign relations, enlisting a handful of high-profile figures in his incoming administration who have played key roles in the Israel-Palestinian conflict and its now moribund peace process.

That experience could be an asset if it’s used to reset past failed strategies and accommodate profound new realities in the Middle East. However, before Biden wades back into the Israel-Palestinian conflict, he would do well to ensure that he doesn’t squander political capital. Indeed, the risk is high that his efforts will end in the same dismal failure met by nearly every noble peace-making effort over the decades.

On one hand, the Palestinian Authority is feeling optimistic about a return to the pre-Trump era, when sympathies toward them held sway in the White House. Palestinian leaders enthusiastically welcomed Biden’s win, with P.A. leader Mahmoud Abbas tweeting that he is “looking forward to working with President-elect Biden/his ADMIN to enhance relations/ achieve freedom, justice, & dignity for our people.”

On the other hand, despite profound regional changes in recent years and now this prospect of more sympathetic ears in the White House, the Palestinians give no indication they’ve changed anything in their strategy for achieving peace with Israel and greater independence.

For its part, Israel is riding a wave of economic prosperity and unprecedented support from important Arab Gulf-state neighbors. Conversely, the Palestinians’ influence and ability to exert pressure on Israel is at an all-time low. Any reluctance on Israel’s part to make dramatic concessions to maximalist Palestinian demands would be understandable.

In order to succeed in advancing U.S. interests in a peace between Israel and the Palestinian Authority—let alone terrorist Hamas in Gaza—the Biden administration should consider the following strategy. It factors in today’s new regional alliances, as well as the decades-long obstinance of Palestinian negotiators, and Palestinians’ persistent incitement of its people to terrorist acts.

Build on the Arab-Israel peace process. Alongside any outreach to the Palestinians,Biden should build on the Trump administration’s successes in ensuring more Arab and Muslim countries open or normalize relations with Israel. Recent months have witnessed unprecedented warming of ties between Israel and the Arab world, effectively ending the Israel-Arab conflict. Above all, this has also meant the end of the Arab Peace Initiative, whose tenets the Palestinians have employed to pressure Israel to accept potentially millions of descendants of Palestinian “refugees,” which would demographically destroy the Jewish state. The demand is on its face a deal-breaker.

Focus on Palestinian acceptance of the Jewish state. The Biden administration should put away the repeatedly failed, illogical and tired notion that the Israel-Palestinian conflict is about land, borders or the so-called “occupation.” Countless offers by Israel, the United States and the international community, which would have ended with a Palestinian state, were rejected by the Palestinians—never because of the amount of land or the position of a future border.

These generous proposals were rejected solely because to accept them, the Palestinian leadership would have to accept the reality of Israel as the national homeland of the Jewish people. Indeed, Abbas has repeatedly stated that there is “no way” he will recognize Israel as a Jewish state. This is obviously a stumbling block for Israel, since it confirms Israelis’ conviction that the Palestinians cling to their decades-old commitment to eliminate the Jewish state.

If Biden wants to unclog the bottleneck that has mired the peace process for more than half a century, he will demand up front that Palestinian leaders state openly and officially that Israel is a Jewish state. There should be no concessions toward the Palestinians—not on U.S. bilateral ties with the P.A. and not on the peace process—until this fundamental demand has been met.

Stop Palestinian terrorist incitement. As a third strategic premise, the United States should ensure that incitement and violent rejectionism is rooted out of the Palestinian education system, official state propaganda and state-funded mosques. Terrorists, known colloquially as “martyrs,” should be shunned and not lauded. All streets names, institutions, sports camps and other entities that are named after murdering terrorists should be renamed. Children should be taught against idolizing those who have shed innocent blood. P.A. media should likewise be purged of any denial of Jewish history and rights in the Holy Land, and Israel should be restored on all maps.

As part of this anti-incitement policy, the United States should insist that the P.A. immediately end its “pay for slay” program, which rewards terrorists and their families by paying them a monthly stipend depending on how many Israelis they have killed. Palestinian officials have stated in recent days that they may try and amend these payments or reframe—but not discontinue—them, but the U.S. should require their unequivocal end.

These elements—especially acceptance of Israel as a Jewish state and eliminating state-sponsored incitement to terrorism—are the litmus tests for Palestinian seriousness towards ending the conflict and achieving peace with Israel. The conflict cannot end if the Palestinians will not recognize the identity and foundational character of the Jewish state. It cannot end if the murder of Israeli citizens continues and their Palestinian murderers are lionized and incentivized.

These should be the basic conditions for the United States reversing congressional legislation from 1987 that labeled the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) “and its affiliates” a terror group, reopening the P.A. office in Washington and offering it any type of U.S. tax-dollar assistance.

The focus of efforts toward peace in the Middle East should remain on the Palestinians—until they have proven themselves worthy of a serious peace process. Israel has said many times that it is prepared to sit at the negotiating table with no preconditions and everything on the table. Now the Palestinians must prove they are also willing and able—and with clean hands and honest intentions—to do likewise.

James Sinkinson is President of Facts and Logic About the Middle East (FLAME), which publishes educational messages to correct lies and misperceptions about Israel and its relationship to the United States.

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