In the eyes of the Iranian leadership, the most interesting aspect of U.S. President Joe Biden’s visit to Israel is the direct flight he will take from the Jewish state to Saudi Arabia. More accurately, they are concerned by the significance of the flight and the talks that will apparently take place surrounding it. It seems the very thought of the possible implications of the visit has put the authorities in Tehran on the defensive.

In a cabinet meeting in Tehran on Wednesday morning, Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi issued a warning: “If the visits of American officials to the countries of the region are aimed at strengthening the position of the Zionist regime and normalizing its relations with certain states, these efforts will not bring security to the Zionists.”

Tehran is doubly afraid

The Islamic republic is doubly concerned about the Abraham Accords in general and growing Israeli-Saudi ties in particular. First and foremost, there is a justified fear that Israel will do to Iran what Iran has been doing to Israel for years through its presence in Syria, Lebanon and Gaza: Israel is becoming Iran’s “neighbor” by forging military alliances with enemy countries on its borders.

Israel is already in Iraqi Kurdistan and Azerbaijan and is now getting friendly with Iran’s neighbors to the south: the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. The Iranian authorities describe this as a “knife in the back.” Raisi said in his speech that he has already sent the Americans several messages via mediators, threatening “a decisive response to even the slightest movement against Iranian sovereignty.”

The second concern pertains to Iran’s standing in the Muslim world. It’s clear that Saudi Arabia is the leader of the Sunni world and Iran is the leader of the Shiite world, but the fight for the mantle of leadership of the Muslim world is yet to be decided. Saudi Arabia possesses one significant advantage over Iran: Mecca. Plus lots of money.

The only thing Iran has left in this fight is the attempt to unite all streams of Islam against a common enemy. And who is more suited for this role than Israel? The excuse, of course, is “defense of the oppressed Palestinian people,” despite the fact that Iran’s Arab inhabitants in Khuzestan Province are fighting for the same thing the Palestinians are supposedly fighting for: They feel discriminated against and aspire to self-determination.

Iran thus portrays any sign of rapprochement between Israel and Arab countries as a betrayal of the Palestinian people. Tehran’s obsessive defense of the Palestinians has often been described as “overprotection”—in other words, the Iranians try to defend the Palestinians in areas where the Palestinians don’t want or need to be protected, such as in negotiations and cooperation, when these things do occur, and even in joint soccer matches.

Iranians care about the hijab

This week, however, Iranians on social media are not much interested in the travels of Joe Biden. There are practically no independent tweets or posts on the matter. Those that do exist in Farsi are largely anti-American and anti-Israel, but are essentially written by Afghanis (the languages are almost identical in writing, but some of the words, along with the spelling of names and personal information, reveal the writers’ identities).

Iranians this week have been far more interested in women’s head coverings. Tuesday marked the anniversary of the Goharshad Mosque rebellion in 1935 when worshippers clashed with the Shah’s security forces, which wanted to enforce a Westernized dress code on men. While the government declared it “National Hijab and Decency Day” and has sponsored pro-hijab women’s rallies (at the same stadium where women are fighting for the right to attend soccer games!), secular women, led by journalist Masih Alinejad, launched their own “#No2Hijab” campaign. Many women removed their head coverings in public places and even posted videos of them on social media. The battle between the pro-hijab and anti-hijab camps has grabbed far more attention on Iranian social media and the press than Israel, the United States, Saudi Arabia and their joint plans to counter Iran.

Dr. Tamar Eilam Gindin is a linguist and scholar of ancient Persia and modern Iran at Shalem College in Jerusalem.

This article was originally published by Israel Hayom.

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