Henrietta Szold speaking during the opening of the Hadassah Medical Center on Mount Scopus in Jerusalem. Photo by Zoltan Kluger/GPO
Henrietta Szold speaking during the opening of the Hadassah Medical Center on Mount Scopus in Jerusalem. Photo by Zoltan Kluger/GPO


Henrietta Szold (1860–1945) and the founding of Hadassah

(3 of 70) JNS is proud to partner with the Embassy of Israel in Washington, D.C., to celebrate 70 of the greatest American contributors to the U.S.-Israel relationship in the 70 days leading up to the State of Israel’s 70th anniversary.

An early American Zionist leader who was also learned in traditional Jewish texts and scholarship, Henrietta Szold was notably ahead of her time.

Born to a Jewish family in Baltimore in 1860, Henrietta’s father was a rabbi who ensured that she receive a Jewish education. As a result, Henrietta became involved in teaching, as well as in editing and publishing Jewish textsan unheard form of scholarship for women at that time. An example of her work, familiar to many English speakers who have studied Talmud, is the Marcus Jastrow’s Dictionary of the Talmud, which she edited. Szold also served as the sole female editor for the Jewish Publication Societytranslating, editing and preparing works for publication. She continued her formal Jewish education at Solomon Schecter’s Jewish Theological Seminary.

A committed Zionist since its early days, Szold visited Palestine for the first time in 1909 and immediately devoted herself to work for the betterment of its population. She founded an organization called Hadassah, which focused on improving health care in Palestine. Under Szold’s leadership, Hadassah created hospitals, nursing programs and facilities, in addition to many important health and education services.

Hadassah, also known as the Women’s Zionist Organization of America, continues to operate as one of the largest international Jewish organizations with more than 300,000 members in the United States. One notable leader was Miriam Freud-Rosenthal, who carried on Szold’s legacy in Hadassah until her death in 1999.

Over the decades, the women of Hadassah have supported a number of programs and wide range causes, branching out from the initial immediate need of improving medical care in the early days of the Jewish community in Palestine. Another example of activities Hadassah has been involved in is the organization’s opposition against one of the better-known anti-Israel resolutions that was passed in the U.N. General Assembly in 1975. This resolution essentially determines that Zionism is a form of racism.

It is quite appropriate that Hadassah continues to fight this particular piece of anti-Israel propaganda, as Henrietta Szold would have found the notion abhorrent. Indeed, Szold ensured that the medical programs founded and funded by Hadassah would be available for all residents of Palestine, and subsequently the State of Israel, regardless of an individual’s race, ethnicity or religion.

Szold came to Palestine to live permanently in 1933. A year later, she inaugurated the new Hadassah-funded hospital on Mount Scopus. This is the same Hadassah Hospital that operates today as one of the central and foremost medical facilities in Israel.

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