(March 25, 2022 / Florida Jewish Journal) Dr. John H. Merey, who practices ophthalmology in West Palm Beach, Fla., was born in Budapest, Hungary, and survived the Holocaust, due to the heroic actions of Zionist Rudolf Israel (Rezső Kasztner) Kasztner. He recently shared his story of survival.
Q: What kind of work did your grandfathers do prior to the Nazi invasion?
A: My paternal grandfather died around 1911. He had been a teacher. My maternal grandfather prior to the First World War was a distributor for all of Hungary for the Manner Confectionary Company of Vienna. Between the wars, he lived off his real estate investments.
Q: How did it all change on March 19, 1944?
A: March 19, 1944, was the day the Germans occupied. Prior to that date, Hungary was the only untouched Jewish population in Europe. After that date, the Holocaust came to Hungary at a ferocious speed.
Q: How many people from your country were deported to Auschwitz?
A: 437,000 Jews were deported to Auschwitz in 55 days.
Q: Although the deportations were initiated by the Nazis, I understand they were carried out by the Hungarian Gendarmerie.
A: Correct. The yellow star, ghettoization and deportations were carried out by the Hungarian Gendarmerie called the “Csendorseg.” The SS didn’t have the manpower or local knowledge to carry out these deportations without the enthusiastic support of the “Csendorseg.”
Q: What negotiations did Zionist Rudolf Kasztner make with Adolf Eichmann?
A: Rudolph Kasztner negotiated with [Adolf] Eichmann and other Nazis from April to December 1944. He was an incredible negotiator who really had nothing to offer the Germans except promises and bluff.
Q: When you left Budapest in June 1944, where did the train take you?
A: The train left June 30 and after nine days arrived in Bergen-Belsen.
Q: How many members of your family from Budapest boarded the ‘Kasztner train,’ and how many survived the Holocaust?
A: There were 14 members of my family who boarded the so-called “Kasztner train” on June 30, 1944. Eleven members of my family were allowed to leave Bergen-Belsen after six weeks. Only three of us (my parents and I) of the 14 stayed until December.
Q: When did you and your family safely depart for Switzerland?
A: My parents and I, and the majority of the group, left Bergen-Belsen on Dec. 4 and arrived in Switzerland on Dec. 9, Hanukkah 1944.
Q: How did Kasztner negotiate for your family’s release to go to Switzerland?
A: Kasztner was a master negotiator combining promises and bluff. The [American Jewish] Joint Distribution Committee and American War Refugee Board in Switzerland helped in that process as well.
Q: Why would you say the Kasztner group was the single most successful rescue of the Holocaust under Jewish leadership?
A: More people were saved [about 1,700] in the Kasztner Group than were saved [by Oskar Schindler as part of] Schindler’s List [about 1,200].
Q: Where did your family settle when you left Europe and came to the United States?
A: We settled in Queens, N.Y. Our first home was in the backroom of my uncle’s medical office in Woodside, Queens.
Q: What type of work did your father do after your family’s arrival?
A: Right away, my father found a job in his own profession: civil engineering.
Q: How long have you practiced ophthalmology in West Palm Beach?
A: I’ve been in practice in the Palm Beach/West Palm Beach area for more than 50 years.
Linda Chase is associate editor of the Florida Jewish Journal. This story originally appeared in the South Florida Sun-Sentinel/Florida Jewish Journal.
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