The Council of the European Union on Thursday unanimously approved a declaration of the 28 European Union member states on the fight against anti-Semitism, which calls for the development of a common security approach to better protect Jewish communities and Jewish institutions in Europe in a period of resurgence of anti-Semitism on the continent.
In its declaration, the council acknowledges that Jewish communities in some E.U. countries feel particularly vulnerable to terrorist attacks, following an increase in violent incidents in recent years. It notes that anti-Semitic hatred remains widespread, as confirmed by the 2018 Fundamental Rights Agency report on anti-Semitism.
The declaration invites member states to adopt and implement a holistic strategy to prevent and fight all forms of anti-Semitism, as part of their strategies on preventing racism, xenophobia, radicalization and violent extremism. It calls on member states to increase their efforts to ensure security for Jewish communities, institutions and citizens.
The declaration was promoted by Austria’s Chancellor Sebastian Kurz, whose country holds the rotating presidency of the European Council.
In a statement, Rabbi Menachem Margolin, chairman of the Brussels-based European Jewish Association, an umbrella group for Jewish communities across Europe, welcomed the council declaration as “a significant step forward,” but said that “two vital pieces are missing.”
“The EJA can only welcome the declaration and the commitment by the Council of the European Union to fighting anti-Semitism, and better protect Jewish Communities and Institutions in Europe. I am particularly grateful to first vice president Timmermans, Commision Jourova and Katharina Von Schnurbein, the E.U.’s special envoy on combating anti-Semitism, for their ongoing commitment to safeguarding European Jewry.
“This triumvirate,” continued the statement, “is making a real difference and putting our concerns front and centre across the E.U. The European Jewish Association and its many thousands of members and supporters is deeply appreciative of their efforts, and those of the council members who adopted this declaration unanimously.”
But he added that the document “misses the two most important factors forming the root of anti-Semitism: ongoing efforts to curb freedom of religion and of practice, and anti-Zionism as typified by the BDS (Boycott, Disinvestment and Sanctions) movement.”
He mentioned in particular legislation targeting the circumcision and religious slaughter.
“Taken together, and notably absent from the declaration, they represent to European Jewry the touch-paper issues of anti-Semitism, attacks on Jews and their communities, and their way of life,” said Margolin.
“Therefore, it is clear to me as chairman of the European Jewish Association, that any declaration on tackling and fighting anti-Semitism that doesn’t include these two key factors is a declaration that can never be a complete declaration when it comes to tackling anti-Semitism properly and meaningfully.”
On Monday, European Commissioner in charge of Justice Vera Jourova and the Fundamental Rights Agency will present in Brussels the results of a survey among more than 60,000 Jews in nine European countries on their perceptions of anti-Semitism.
Last week, the European Commission became a permanent international partner to the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA). The participation of the E.U. to this international body provides will allow for closer cooperation on combating Holocaust denial and preventing racism, xenophobia and anti-Semitism.