(October 9, 2015 / JNS)
“In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.” (Genesis 1:1)
“And God said, ‘Let there be light,’ and there was light.” (Genesis 1:3)
These well-known verses mark the beginning of the Old Testament and the story of Creation—which is read in synagogues worldwide this Sabbath, Oct. 10, as the weekly Torah portion of “Beresheit.” God, the scripture says, literally spoke the world into existence. But in our contemporary society, we are also inundated with scientific theories about the world’s origin such as the “Big Bang”—which was elucidated in 1979 by physicist Alan Guth of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, through his theory of cosmic inflation.
Ever since the first time I read about Guth, I’ve been interested in knowing what exactly came before the Big Bang. Which Creation story should we believe? Can we believe in both the Judeo-Christian scriptural narrative and the Big Bang at the same time?
According to Jewish Kabbalistic teachings, before the universe was created there was “ayin”—nothingness. Once the universe was created, there was “yesh”—something. That leads us to the Creation theory of “yesh me’ayin,” something from nothing, also known in Latin as “ex nihilo.” The Kabbalistic interpretation of the Creation story is echoed by traditional Christian teachings. From my decades of work as a chemist, along with my Jewish faith, I have come to believe in my own version of this Creation narrative: the theory of “everything from nothing.”
At the origin of the universe (or universes), there was only air without dark energy, dark matter, and any protons, neutrons or electrons. Let’s call it “pure air.” The radius of each universe was expanding to many millions of miles. The universes were moving up and down, and in multiple directions. Some of these directional patterns could have been ellipses and spirals. Based on the different directional patterns, varying temperatures were created. When these universes of varying temperatures and directions collided, the result was the Big Bang. This collision produced temperatures of a few trillion degrees and then began to cool. The cooling process created dark energy, dark matter, protons, neutrons, electrons, stars, and planets.
Before the Big Bang, I believe that many universes coexisted and were moving and expanding at different speeds, at rates of 25-300 kilometers/second. I believe that there were three possible scenarios. In the first scenario, let’s say that “Universe A” was originally moving and expanding at a rate of 10(x)-15(x) km/second. It then began to slow down and move at a rate of (x) km/second. Now let’s say that “Universe B” was moving and expanding at a rate of 10(x)-15(x) km/second. Universe B, traveling at a higher rate of speed than Universe A, eventually caught up with Universe A, and the two collided. This collision was the Big Bang.
In the second scenario, there was only one universe—Universe A. It was moving and expanding at the rate of 25-300 km/second. At some point, it grew too large and divided into two universes, “Universe A1” and “Universe A2.” After a certain amount of time, Universe A1 began to slow down. Meanwhile, Universe A2 continued moving and expanding at a much higher speed. At a certain point, the two universes collided and caused the Big Bang.
In the third scenario, let’s say that Universe A was moving north and expanding at a high rate of speed. It then collided with Universe B, which was also moving and expanding at a high rate of speed, and was coming from the south, east or west. This collision caused the Big Bang.
This phenomenon is similar to the weather patterns we have on Earth, but on a much larger scale. Take, for example, when cold air comes down from Canada (north of the U.S.), travels south, and collides with hot air from the Caribbean. This collision, from air patterns with a radius of only a few hundred miles, can generate powerful storms. Understandably, when the radius of pure air is many millions times larger than the collision of Canadian and Caribbean air, we can see how the Big Bang occurred.
I believe that the universes were created with a mini bang, then a small bang, then a big bang, and then a super bang. As Albert Einstein believed, the universe is ageless and eternal. As such, I believe universes will continue to be created, with many more bangs to come. New galaxies will be born.
The underlying question here is: Who created the universe/s? The only explanation I have is that God created the universe/s. This explanation has led me to my theory of “everything from nothing.”
The Judeo-Christian concept of “something from nothing” is limited to only “something,” which might be just a few things. But “everything” covers just that—everything, this universe and all other possible universes. I believe that God created everything, not just something, from nothing.
Why God? That question can be answered with more questions. What happened before the Big Bang? If Creation wasn’t God’s doing, then how else did it occur? Until you prove to me how the universe was created, you have no choice but to accept that God was the creator and to affirm the Judeo-Christian narrative on Creation.
Dr. Andre Danesh, a chemistry professor turned real estate investor, was born in Iran and grew up in an Orthodox Jewish community there. He majored in chemistry for a year at the University of Tehran; received a PhD in organometallic chemistry from the University of Montpellier, France, in 1962; and completed his postdoctoral studies at the University of Colorado. He has worked as a research associate at the University of Paris and a professor of chemistry at the University of Massachusetts. He lives in Boston.