Every year on May 15, Palestinians commemorate “Nakba Day.” The nakba (or “catastrophe”) refers to the displacement of Palestinians after Israel’s independence in 1948.
This concept entered into public consciousness with the conclusion of the Oslo Accords, drawn up with the Palestine Liberation Organization, the organization that claimed to represent the refugees. The PLO’s declared mandate was to secure the Palestinians’ so-called “right of return.” PLO leader Yasser Arafat inaugurated “Nakba Day” in 1998.
Groups of Israeli Arabs also commemorate the nakba, led by Israel’s Arab political parties.
One of the biggest problems of the Palestinians today is the growing feeling in the Arab world that the Palestinians are ungrateful. The Arab world, wracked by disasters and wars, complains that the Palestinians do not display any sensitivity regarding Arab suffering. The Palestinians demand that the Arab nations neglect their own crises and focus only on “Palestinian suffering.”
Saudi Arabia still remembers and resents the Palestinians’ support for Iraqi tyrant Saddam Hussein when he invaded Kuwait in 1990 and Saudi Arabia in 1991.
By all measurements, the situation of the Palestinians in the West Bank, and definitely in Israel, is much better than in any Arab country.
The essential fact is that there are Arab Knesset members. The Israeli Knesset is the only parliament in the world where there is a conspicuous and proud Palestinian representation. They do not have such representation in Jordan or even in Ramallah or Gaza. Only beneath a picture of Theodor Herzl and the Israeli flag in the Israeli parliament can Palestinian parliamentarians speak and act freely—too freely, some complain—and even in defiance.
Secondly, Israel is the only country in the Middle East that fully absorbed Palestinian refugees. It is not well known, but there are Palestinian refugees from the villages that were abandoned during the war, who were absorbed into other towns and villages in Israel. Israel has given them full citizenship. Jordan also granted Palestinians citizenship, but not full citizenship. There is no statistical data on this, but most Jordanian citizens of Palestinian origin are not allowed to vote for the Jordanian Parliament, which is far from representative of the true numbers of Palestinians among the population.
Finally, a real nakba is occurring today—but not in Israel.
The disaster of Syria, including the new Palestinian catastrophe there, is far greater than the nakba of 1948. Many thousands of Syrians and Palestinians have been displaced from the Yarmouk refugee camp in Damascus, which once held more than 100,000 people but was razed due to the Syrian civil war. Hundreds of Palestinians and Syrians were killed there in fighting and barrel-bombings by Syrian forces.
Yet, this does not interest the Arab parties in Israel at all. Even the PLO, which is supposed to represent the refugees of 1948, has completely ignored the Palestinian disaster going on in Syria. As a result, the refugees do not consider the PLO to be a body that will take care of them and represent them. The websites of the Palestinian refugees in Syria do not look to the Palestinian Authority of PLO for help or sympathy.
Pinhas Inbari is a veteran Arab affairs correspondent who formerly reported for Israel Radio and “Al Hamishmar” newspaper. He currently serves as an analyst for the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs.