By Jacob Kamaras/JNS.org
Among the discussions that led to the hiring of former Ohio congressman Eric Fingerhut as the next president and CEO of Hillel: The Foundation for Jewish Campus Life, an item Fingerhut says was non-negotiable for both parties was Hillel’s usage of its staff, resources, and reach to fulfill its stated commitment to the support of Israel.
The “Israel Policy” within Hillel’s “Israel Guidelines” states that the organization is “steadfastly committed to the support of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state with secure and recognized borders as a member of the family of nations.” Furthermore, Hillel’s “Vision for Israel” states that it “seeks to provide every Jewish student with the opportunity to explore and build an enduring relationship with Israel.”
Fingerhut told JNS.org that during the interview process, members of Hillel’s board of directors “made absolutely clear” that they were looking for a CEO who would ensure that “we live up to that mission every day in our work on every campus.”
“And I will tell you that in my own thinking about this job, the clarity that the board had on that question is an important thing that persuaded me to take the job, because I am personally in my life deeply committed to Israel and would only be part of an organization that is not only pro-Israel in its own behavior, but is helping to instill the love of Israel in the people we serve, the young adults that we serve,” Fingerhut said in a phone interview on Monday, the day his hiring was announced.
The 54-year-old Fingerhut—who will succeed Wayne Firestone as Hillel’s chief executive later this summer—represented Ohio’s 19th district in the U.S. House of Representatives from January 1993 to January 1995, and was chancellor of the Ohio Board of Regents from March 2007 to February 2011, a role in which he provided higher education policy advice to the state’s governor and legislature.
Asked about how Hillel should defend Jewish and pro-Israel students on campus when they are faced with challenges such as the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement against the Jewish state, Fingerhut said he is “certainly aware” that Hillel’s commitment to Israel “is challenged from time to time on campuses,” but that the organization needs to “be strong and not just resolute, but also committed to living up to our standards and our commitment [to Israel], and I can assure you we will do that, and certainly work with those who I need to work with to make sure we have the right strategies in place to implement that commitment.”
Hillel’s Israel Guidelines address the BDS movement in the “Standards of Partnership” section, which states that the organization “will not partner with, house, or host organizations, groups, or speakers that as a matter of policy or practice: Deny the right of Israel to exist as a Jewish and democratic state with secure and recognized borders; Delegitimize, demonize, or apply a double standard to Israel; Support boycott of, divestment from, or sanctions against the State of Israel; Exhibit a pattern of disruptive behavior towards campus events or guest speakers or foster an atmosphere of incivility.”
Aviva Slomich, director of student programming for the Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America (CAMERA), stressed the importance of Hillel enforcing its guidelines on standards of partnership as well as its guidelines “which strongly endorse support for Israel.”
“Contrary to some reports that anti-Israel activity is all but non-existent, there are real problems on many campuses, with groups and speakers—and sometimes faculty members—spreading falsehoods about Israel,” Slomich told JNS.org. “For that reason the role of Hillel leaders in educating and protecting impressionable students is essential. Unfortunately, in some cases Hillels have co-sponsored events with radical anti-Israel groups, hosting them in their own facilities. Hopefully, this practice will end.”
There is an ongoing debate in the Jewish community surrounding Hillel’s partnership with the “pro-Israel, pro-peace” group J Street. While J Street and its supporters believe that J Street’s approach to Israel engages certain pro-Israel students who otherwise would not be part of Hillel, and note that Hillel has reached out to J Street to help with anti-divestment efforts, others oppose J Street’s inclusion under Hillel’s umbrella on the grounds that J Street has helped bring pro-BDS speakers to campus.
Where does Fingerhut stand on J Street? He told JNS.org he was “not going to speak to specific groups other than Hillel,” and re-emphasized Hillel’s mission to be “a pro-Israel group that not only supports a free and democratic, secure Israel, but that also is seeking to instill a love of Israel in the students that we work with.”
“Obviously I well understand that there will be debate within the pro-Israel community about how you best do that,” Fingerhut said. “I’ve watched the Knesset, they debate. The Israelis debate all the time. In college campuses, our great spaces, students are wanting to hear various sides of different issues, but all of it, within Hillel, would be within the context of a love of Israel, an unequivocal support of Israel. And so any students and organizations who subscribe to that will be welcome, those who don’t are not. It’s that simple.”
Slomich said Hillel should ensure that there is a “safe space for Zionists.” While Hillel’s Israel Guidelines state that the organization welcomes “a diversity of student perspectives on Israel” and objects to “labeling, excluding or harassing any students for their beliefs and expressions thereof,” Slomich explained that the pro-Israel perspective is often the viewpoint that is attacked on campus.
all the talk about assuring safe space for every group and viewpoint to be
heard, the one that’s actually under siege in many places is the strong
pro-Israel voice,” she said. “It’s been denigrated on some—certainly not all—campuses
as ‘right wing.’ This is a characterization that says more about the campaigns
to silence Israel's defenders than about those promoting the facts about
CAMERA, Slomich said, has “worked with many outstanding Hillels that are strong supporters of Israel, want to promote accurate information, and welcome our involvement and that of various other organizations that aim to provide factual information and responsible guidance for pro-Israel students.”
Fingerhut said the Hillel CEO post merges his “personal commitments in Jewish life” with his “professional experience on campuses and in systems of very large, complex organizations that have to work together as a system even though they have a lot of individual autonomy.”
Hillel, founded 90 years ago, has grown to more than 550 locations at colleges, universities, and communities across North America. Fingerhut said there are “enormous similarities” between his roles at Hillel and the state university system he oversaw in Ohio.
“A university system is a large, sprawling, decentralized organization,” Fingerhut said. “In the case of Ohio, it had 14 public universities, 23 community colleges, each having their own faculty senate, their own board, their own administration—and yet the chancellor of the system was expected to lead with a clear vision, to ensure quality across the system, to address problems when they arose on individual campuses.”
What Fingerhut said he discovered as chancellor of the Ohio Board of Regents was that his task “required a certain kind of leadership style that I possess, that it’s about persuading people that we are better off or stronger… when we work together as a collective whole, when we work together as a system, than when each individual works separately.”
Fingerhut said his legislative years would also translate well to his new role leading Hillel, because they gave him experience with building coalitions—something he feels is important for Hillel to do with campus groups outside of the Jewish community. Over the course of 10 years in Ohio’s state senate, during which he served with the minority (Democratic) party, he said he was considered a successful officeholder specifically because of his ability to put together coalitions.
“What you have to do is recognize that different groups aren’t going to see every detail of any issue in an identical pattern, but find those that you share core values [with], and [groups with whom] you can teach each other about your different approaches to those core values, and then find common ground,” Fingerhut said.
Hillel needs to similarly build coalitions on campus “because we are a minority, that’s the reality of the Jewish people,” according to Fingerhut.
But that minority, Fingerhut said, consists of “the brightest, most talented young people on our campuses.”
“They’re smart, they’re passionate, they want to change the world, and to do that, we [at Hillel] have to help them build strong and effective coalitions that are affirming of their Jewish identity, affirming of their connection to the Jewish people, and also take the strength of Jewish values and Jewish teachings out into the broader world,” he said.
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Editor's note: The sixth paragraph in this story—starting with "Asked about how Hillel should defend Jewish and pro-Israel students on campus..."—initially noted that "Firestone said he is 'certainly aware' that Hillel’s commitment to Israel 'is challenged from time to time on campuses.'" The quote should have been attributed to Fingerhut , not Firestone, and the attribution has been corrected. JNS.org subscribers who published this story on Tuesday morning should also make the correction.